Physical Review Letters 130, 230202 (2023)
Sandro Donadi, Luca Ferialdi and Angelo Bassi
Noninterferometric experiments have been successfully employed to constrain models of spontaneous wave function collapse, which predict a violation of the quantum superposition principle for large systems. These experiments are grounded on the fact that, according to these models, the dynamics is driven by noise that, besides collapsing the wave function in space, generates a diffusive motion with characteristic signatures, which, though small, can be tested. The noninterferometric approach might seem applicable only to those models that implement the collapse through noisy dynamics, not to any model, that collapses the wave function in space. Here, we show that this is not the case: under reasonable assumptions, any collapse dynamics (in space) is diffusive. Specifically, we prove that any space-translation covariant dynamics that complies with the no-signaling constraint, if collapsing the wave function in space, must change the average momentum of the system and/or its spread.