npj Quantum Information 9, 86 (2023)
S. Hernández-Gómez, S. Gherardini, A. Belenchia, A. Trombettoni, M. Paternostro and N. Fabbri
We report the experimental quantication of the contribution to non-equilibrium entropy production that stems from the quantum coherence content in the initial state of a qubit exposed to both coherent driving and dissipation. Our experimental demonstration builds on the exquisite experimental control of the spin state of a nitrogen-vacancy defect in diamond and is underpinned, theoretically, by the formulation of a generalized ‑uctuation theorem designed to track the eects of quantum coherence. Our results provide signicant evidence of the possibility to pinpoint the genuinely quantum mechanical contributions to the thermodynamics of non-equilibrium quantum processes.