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Experimental signature of initial quantum coherence on entropy production

npj Quantum Information 9, 86 (2023)

S. Hernández-Gómez, S. Gherardini, A. Belenchia, A. Trombettoni, M. Paternostro and N. Fabbri

We report the experimental quantication of the contribution to non-equilibrium entropy production that stems from the quantum coherence content in the initial state of a qubit exposed to both coherent driving and dissipation. Our experimental demonstration builds on the exquisite experimental control of the spin state of a nitrogen-vacancy defect in diamond and is underpinned, theoretically, by the formulation of a generalized ‑uctuation theorem designed to track the eects of quantum coherence. Our results provide signicant evidence of the possibility to pinpoint the genuinely quantum mechanical contributions to the thermodynamics of non-equilibrium quantum processes.

Project manager
Irene Spagnul
Department of Physics
University of Trieste


Co-funded by the European Commission’s
Horizon Europe Programme under GA 101046973

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